The Parable of the Wedding Banquet

Brunswick Monogrammist, Invitation to the Great Banquet. Oil on panel, c. 1525. 30 x 52 inches. National Museum, Warsaw. 

Brunswick Monogrammist, Invitation to the Great Banquet. Oil on panel, c. 1525. 30 x 52 inches. National Museum, Warsaw.
Matthäus Merian the elder, etching from Icones Biblicae, published in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, c. 1625-1630.
Jacob Carl Stauder, ceiling fresco at the Monastery of the Holy Cross, Donauwörth, Swabia, Germany. 1720-1721.
Cosmas Damian Asam, fresco in Cistercian abbey church of the Assumption of Mary, Aldersbach, Lower Bavaria. 1720: “See, the meal is ready, come!”


Zephaniah 1:7-10,18: Be silent before the Lord God!
For the day of the Lord is at hand;
the Lord has prepared a sacrifice,
he has consecrated his guests.
8 And on the day of the Lord’s sacrifice
I will punish the officials and the king’s sons
and all who dress themselves in foreign attire.
9 On that day I will punish
all who leap over the threshold,
who fill their master’s house
with violence and fraud.
10 On that day, says the Lord,
a cry will be heard from the Fish Gate,
a wail from the Second Quarter,
a loud crash from the hills.
18 Neither their silver nor their gold
will be able to save them
on the day of the Lord’s wrath;
in the fire of his passion
the whole earth shall be consumed;
for a full, a terrible end
he will make of all the inhabitants of the earth.

Isaiah 25:6-8: On this mountain the Lord of hosts will make for all peoples a feast of rich food, a feast of well-matured wines, of rich food filled with marrow, of well-matured wines strained clear.
7 And he will destroy on this mountain the shroud that is cast over all peoples, the sheet that is spread over all nations; 8 he will swallow up death for ever.
Then the Lord God will wipe away the tears from all faces, and the disgrace of his people he will take away from all the earth, for the Lord has spoken.

Isaiah 5:24-25: Therefore, as the tongue of fire devours the stubble, and as dry grass sinks down in the flame, so their root will become rotten, and their blossom go up like dust; for they have rejected the instruction of the Lord of hosts, and have despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

25 Therefore the anger of the Lord was kindled against his people, and he stretched out his hand against them and struck them; the mountains quaked, and their corpses were like refuse in the streets. For all this his anger has not turned away, and his hand is stretched out still.


  1. Arland J. Hultgren, The Parables of Jesus: A Commentary (Eerdmans, 2000).
  2. Daniel C. Olson, “Matthew 22:1-14 as Midrash.” The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 67, no. 3 (July 2005): 435-453.

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