Elijah Ascends to Heaven / Elijah Succeeds Elisha

Elijah Ascends to Heaven

Now when the Lord was about to take Elijah up to heaven by a whirlwind, Elijah and Elisha were on their way from Gilgal. Elijah said to Elisha, ‘Stay here; for the Lord has sent me as far as Bethel.’ But Elisha said, ‘As the Lord lives, and as you yourself live, I will not leave you.’ So they went down to Bethel. The company of prophets who were in Bethel came out to Elisha, and said to him, ‘Do you know that today the Lord will take your master away from you?’ And he said, ‘Yes, I know; keep silent.’

Elijah said to him, ‘Elisha, stay here; for the Lord has sent me to Jericho.’ But he said, ‘As the Lord lives, and as you yourself live, I will not leave you.’ So they came to Jericho. The company of prophets who were at Jericho drew near to Elisha, and said to him, ‘Do you know that today the Lord will take your master away from you?’ And he answered, ‘Yes, I know; be silent.’

Then Elijah said to him, ‘Stay here; for the Lord has sent me to the Jordan.’ But he said, ‘As the Lord lives, and as you yourself live, I will not leave you.’ So the two of them went on. Fifty men of the company of prophets also went, and stood at some distance from them, as they both were standing by the Jordan. Then Elijah took his mantle and rolled it up, and struck the water; the water was parted to the one side and to the other, until the two of them crossed on dry ground.

When they had crossed, Elijah said to Elisha, ‘Tell me what I may do for you, before I am taken from you.’ Elisha said, ‘Please let me inherit a double share of your spirit.’ He responded, ‘You have asked a hard thing; yet, if you see me as I am being taken from you, it will be granted you; if not, it will not.’ As they continued walking and talking, a chariot of fire and horses of fire separated the two of them, and Elijah ascended in a whirlwind into heaven. Elisha kept watching and crying out, ‘Father, father! The chariots of Israel and its horsemen!’ But when he could no longer see him, he grasped his own clothes and tore them in two pieces.

City-gate sarcophagus, c. 385, San Ambrogio, Milan.   Marion Lawrence   Artstor   [so-called “Sarcophagus of Stilicho“]
“The Roman iconographic depiction of the emperor ascending in a quadriga, stretching his right hand to grasp the hand of the deity, is applied to Elijah.” Aitken 2015

Late 4th-century sarcophagus found in Rome in the mausoleum of the Anicii, under the apse of St. Peter’s. Louvre, Borghese collection     Wiki

4th-century catacomb, Via Latina, Rome.       Catacomb Society Artstor
4th-century mosaic, Chapel of Sant’Aquilino, Basilica of San Lorenzo, Milan      Wiki
Carved wooden doors, c. 430-32, Santa Sabina, Rome.    WGA       CyberDisciple
9th century manuscript, Homilies of Gregory of Nazianzus, BNF, Paris.    Sirarpie der Nersessian
Winchester Bible, f.120v, c. 1160-1175.   WGA   Wiki   Artstor
Picture Bible, c. 1190-1200.   image   The Hague, KB76F5
Arena chapel, Padua, c. 1304-06.   WGA
Speculum Humanae Salvationis, c. 1360. Darmstadt U. Library   Wiki
Guiard des Moulins, Grande Bible Historiale Complétée, 1371-1372.     The Hague, 10B23     image
Mirror of Human Salvation, 15th century.   The Hague, 10B34 manuscript   image
Kaspar Schockholz, choir stall, Merseburg Cathedral, 1446.   Wiki
Mirror of Human Salvation, 15th c. Musée Condé, Chantilly.      Artstor
Medallion, Sistine Chapel, 1511.
The Elijah medallion (WGA) on the Sistine Chapel is located between the two ignudi that frame the Separation of Light from Darkness, below the figure of God the Father.    Charles Hope
Master of the Barbarigo Reliefs, c. 1520.     MMA
Anonymous, after Lucas van Leyden, 1525-30.    Rijksmuseum
Herri met de Bles (1510-1550).    WGA
Hans Jakob Nüscheler, c. 1600.    National Gallery of Art, DC
Rubens, c. 1620.     Artstor
Nicolaes Ryckmans, after Pieter de Jode, 1643    Rijksmuseum    alternate
17th century, Russian    Google
Pskov school, 1720-1800    Google
19th-century Russian.     British Museum
Juan de Valdés Leal, c. 1658    WGA
Giuseppe Angeli, c. 1740-55.    NGA/DC
Church of the Holy Archangels, Cupseni, Romania, 18th century.    Wiki
Nicholas Roerich, 1931.    Wiki
Vatican City Railway Station, 1933.    Wiki
St. Elijah’s Greek-Melkite Cathedral, Haifa, 1938-39.     Wiki
Reuven Rubin, 1969.      Artstor
Dalí, 1975      Google   OpenCulture     Artsy
John August Swanson, 1984.          Artstor


Elisha Succeeds Elijah

He picked up the mantle of Elijah that had fallen from him, and went back and stood on the bank of the Jordan. He took the mantle of Elijah that had fallen from him, and struck the water, saying, ‘Where is the Lord, the God of Elijah?’ When he had struck the water, the water was parted to the one side and to the other, and Elisha went over.

When the company of prophets who were at Jericho saw him at a distance, they declared, ‘The spirit of Elijah rests on Elisha.’ They came to meet him and bowed to the ground before him. They said to him, ‘See now, we have fifty strong men among your servants; please let them go and seek your master; it may be that the spirit of the Lord has caught him up and thrown him down on some mountain or into some valley.’ He responded, ‘No, do not send them.’ But when they urged him until he was ashamed, he said, ‘Send them.’ So they sent fifty men who searched for three days but did not find him. When they came back to him (he had remained at Jericho), he said to them, ‘Did I not say to you, Do not go?’

Elisha Performs Miracles

Now the people of the city said to Elisha, ‘The location of this city is good, as my lord sees; but the water is bad, and the land is unfruitful.’ He said, ‘Bring me a new bowl, and put salt in it.’ So they brought it to him. Then he went to the spring of water and threw the salt into it, and said, ‘Thus says the Lord, I have made this water wholesome; from now on neither death nor miscarriage shall come from it.’ So the water has been wholesome to this day, according to the word that Elisha spoke.

He went up from there to Bethel; and while he was going up on the way, some small boys came out of the city and jeered at him, saying, ‘Go away, baldhead! Go away, baldhead!’ When he turned round and saw them, he cursed them in the name of the Lord. Then two she-bears came out of the woods and mauled forty-two of the boys. From there he went on to Mount Carmel, and then returned to Samaria.

French, 1463.    Wiki
Hans Holbein the Younger, 1538.    Rijksmuseum
Laurent de la Hire, 1653.    Artstor


Wiki: Elijah’s Ascension (50), Icons of Elijah’s ascension (50) Patron saint of the fur industry (53)
Imaging the Bible in Wales (6)
National Library of the Netherlands / Medieval Manuscripts (6)

1857 Old Testament / 1860 Bible in Pictures


Antonio van de Pere (1618-88), Meeting between Enoch and Elijah in Paradise.    Google

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